Mfano kuandikwato kwa kisheria na watu wa Washigton, Arkansa - kutumiwa wahota na Charles Nyangiti

Haba ni wazifu mfano kwa madhumuni ya kitalamu kuchuchuuliwa kutoka mmoja ya tovyuti ya kisheria. nzuri sana kufuata mfano huu katka taraluma yoyote. Kupendekeza kwa marfiki wote na kuwaidia kusalisha sawa:


Who Will Benefit from East Africa's Oil and Gas?

Drilling in the region, involving some 18 companies, is taking place in nearly 30 offshore coastal areas in southern Kenya, southern Tanzania, and northern Mozambique. With only 500 oil wells drilled so far (compared to West and North Africa’s 35,000), the estimated volume of the gas reserves remaining is around 100 trillion cubic feet.

As Rob Ahearne, lecturer in International Development studies at East London University, explained to Think Africa Press, there are some obvious benefits to drilling. Every extraction company working in Tanzania must donate $100,000 a year as a basic registration fee to central government, for example, and as a result of lessons learned from gold mining, the Tanzanian government is apparently asking for 60% of all gas revenues.

Danger danger

With these new opportunities, however, also come dangers. While press releases have detailed contracts in depth, key questions over how residents and the environment will be affected by drilling, or how disempowered communities might benefit from major finds, are not being asked as readily. These issues need to be discussed and addressed, especially given that existing taxation and fiscal distribution systems in Tanzania, and information about government spending priorities, are murky at best.
Furthermore, with new opportunities for wealth, corruption is a concern. Rent-seeking behaviour and short-term thinking is endemic in Tanzania, and a recent anti-corruption report criticising the Tanzanian government’s lethargy in tackling corruption and its lack of transparency does not bode well. Drilling could exacerbate these problems, and without effective monitoring as well as open debate in the public sphere, the potential for corruption is large.
There are also legitimate concerns over the lack of clarity surrounding explorations. Regulatory environmental and social frameworks, when they exist, are not always implemented, and rarely disseminated in regional media.

by Charles Nyangiti